Marine protected areas are one of many tools that may be used alongside fisheries management to contribute to a sustainable marine environment and conservation of aquatic biodiversity.
Different types of marine protected areas exist in Western Australian State waters (to three nautical miles off the coast) and special management arrangements apply. Types include:
Commonwealth protected areas may also be put in place in waters between three and 200 nautical miles off the WA coast under Commonwealth legislation.
We work closely with other government agencies, such as the Department of Parks and Wildlife and Parks Australia, to manage marine protected areas in WA.
State marine parks and reserves
Marine parks and reserves are created and managed by Parks and Wildlife under the provisions of the Conservation and Land Management Act 1984. Marine reserves are also vested in the Marine Parks and Reserves Authority, which develops policies and reviews and audits management plans.
We manage fishing and aquaculture inside and outside marine reserves. We work with Parks and Wildlife to educate people about the rules, monitor compliance, and support research and monitoring programs. We are involved in developing management plans and marine park zoning, which requires the approval of the Minister for Fisheries. We also administer the marine reserve compensation process on behalf of the Minister for Fisheries, in accordance with the Fishing and Related Industries Compensation (Marine Reserves) Act 1997.
Explore this interactive map or click on the links below the map for more information about management of the State’s marine reserves.
West Coast Bioregion
South Coast Bioregion
Gascoyne Coast Bioregion
North Coast Bioregion
For more information, see recreational fishing in marine protected areas.