skip to content
Government of Western Australia - Department of Fisheries

Aquaculture regions

An aquaculture region is essentially the same as a bioregion; namely an area defined by common physical and biological characteristics for the purposes of managing it.

South Coast Bioregion

(From the South Australian border to Black Point, east of Augusta)

The main aquaculture activities are the production of greenlip abalone at a land-based facility in Bremer Bay and offshore in Flinders Bay and Wylie Bay, and production of mussels and oysters in Albany.

Southern Inland Bioregion

(Inland from the South Coast Bioregion)

Marron are grown in purpose-built ponds. Annual production is about 60 tonnes and is fairly stable. Yabbies are also produced, generally in extensive systems in farm dams. Production can reach 200 tonnes annually.

Trout have historically been the mainstay of finfish aquaculture. Silver perch are also grown in purpose-built ponds to supply local markets.

There is some potential for non-native species growing in biosecure systems.

West Coast Bioregion

(From Black Point to the Zuytdorp Cliffs, north of Kalbarri)

Operations are focused on blue mussels and edible oysters (mainly in Cockburn Sound) and marine algae for production of beta-carotene, used as a food additive to improve colour and as a nutritional supplement. 

Offshore marine finfish production is being developed, initially focusing on yellowtail kingfish.

There is also an emerging black pearl industry (from the Pinctada margaritifera oyster) in the Abrolhos Islands. Production of Akoya pearls (small white pearls from Pinctada fucata martensi) is expanding. Production is also growing from Pinctada albina (small, yellow pearls) and Pteria penguin, often used to produce half (mabe) pearls in pink and bluish shades.

Aquaculture licences for producing coral and live rock (pieces of old coral reefs colonised by marine life, such as beneficial bacteria, for aquariums) at the Abrolhos Islands have also been issued and other applications are being assessed.

The Mid West Aquaculture Development Zone​ has been declared and will support the production of marine finfish.

Gascoyne Coast Bioregion

(From the Zuytdorp Cliffs to the Ashburton River, south of Onslow)

Aquaculture is largely restricted to production of pearl oysters. Types include South Sea pearls. Several hatcheries supply P. margaritifera juveniles to the region’s developing black pearl farms.

A hatchery near Exmouth is part of a prawn farming development that has its growout facility in the Northern Territory.

North Coast Bioregion

(From the Northern Territory border with WA to the Ashburton River)

South Sea pearl production is the main activity.

The Kimberley Aquaculture Development Zone in Cone Bay accommodates two companies authorised to grow barramundi.

Our Broome Tropical Aquaculture Park houses three tenants, including a commercial pearl oyster hatchery and North Regional TAFE's aquaculture training centre.

Northern Inland Bioregion

(Inland from the North Coast Bioregion)

There are few aquaculture operations in this region however the opportunities presented by the environment, land availability and existing and potential infrastructure position this region for future growth.​​

Last modified: 14/09/2017 10:22 AM


 The Abalone Rancher

© All contents copyright Government of Western Australia. All rights reserved. ABN: 18 951 343 745


© This work is copyright. You may display, print or reproduce this material only in an unaltered format for your personal or non-commercial use, or for use within your organisation. Apart from any use permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved.


The information and advice provided by the Department of Fisheries website is made in good faith and is from sources believed to be reliable and accurate at the time of release onto the website. Changes in circumstances after a document is placed on the website may affect the accuracy of the information. Full disclaimer details are available at