skip to content
Government of Western Australia - Department of Fisheries

Biosecurity alerts

Abalone Viral Ganglioneuritis (AVG) in wild Abalone in Victoria

 

Victoria reported the re-occurrence of AVG in wild abalone on 04 May 2021. AVG has been detected in Australia before with previous incidents in Tasmania and Victoria, last reported in 2010.
 
Victoria has implemented restrictions to assist with limiting the spread of disease. Following the Victorian detection, New South Wales (NSW) detected AVG in abalone held in tanks at some Sydney retailers and actions are underway to eradicate infection from the NSW premises.

 

Key features of AVG

AVG is a viral disease affecting the nervous system of abalone resulting in weakness and death of the shellfish. There are no known or likely impacts for human health. AVG only affects abalone species.

AVG has not been reported from Western Australian abalone. If introduced into Western Australia (WA), AVG could have a severe impact on abalone in WA and WA’s important commercial, recreational and aquaculture abalone sectors.

To prevent introduction of AVG into WA, the import of live abalone into WA from Victoria and other States is not permitted. It’s also illegal to use abalone meat or any abalone material as fishing bait in WA.

Look out for and report disease signs in abalone

The detection in Victoria was made by a diver who noticed a cluster of dead abalone and reported their concerns. This shows the critical role industry and community members play in monitoring our aquatic environments for disease and pest threats, and reporting anything unusual.

Signs of AVG in abalone

  • You may see patches of weak and/or dead abalone that are easily removed from or fall off the reef and cannot right themselves.
  • There may be clusters where there are only empty shells present (evidence of abalone that have died and been scavenged)
  • In some abalone you may see swelling of the mouth parts or edges of the foot curling inwards, leading to exposure of clean shiny shell, but this is more common on farms.

How to report

  • Report any signs of disease in abalone to the WA FishWatch 24-hour hotline on 1800 815 507.
  • You may be asked to collect some whole abalone in a sealed plastic bag or container and record the exact location where the samples were collected. Samples should be kept refrigerated but not frozen.

Download or read the AVG fact sheet to learn more about:

  • What is AVG?
  • What are the signs of AVG in abalone?
  • How is AVG spread?
  • What you can do to help protect WA
  • What to do if you see a sick abalone

More information about AVG

Alexandrium health warning

In the past two years there have been two unprecedented blooms of toxic dinoflagellate algae, Alexandrium spp., in the Swan and Canning rivers.

Alexandrium algae produce paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) which can be concentrated by filter feeding shellfish. These toxins are known to affect a wide range of species and may bio accumulate, resulting in potential impacts on crabs, fish, birds and mammals.

Human consumption of shellfish containing high levels of PSTs can result in poisoning and may cause death.  Freezing and normal cooking processes do not destroy these PSTs.

Please do not eat mussels and remove the head, guts (mustard) and gills from blue swimmer crabs caught by recreational fishers in the Swan and Canning rivers, before freezing, cooking or eating them. All crabs must still be landed and transported whole to your home (your principal place of residence) unless you plan to eat them immediately.

Please see below resources related to Alexandrium algal blooms.

How to clean blue swimmer crabs flyer, available in five languages:

How to clean blue swimmer crabs video

Alexandrium FAQs

Alexandrium algal bloom information 

Alexandrium blooms monitoring

Blooming surprise Landscope article March 2021.pdfBlooming surprise Landscope article March 2021.pdf

Look out for caution signs installed at key Swan Canning Riverpark locations including jetties, traffic bridges, boat ramps and popular fishing locations.

Alexandrium warning sign.jpg

Biosecurity Alerts

Current biosecurity alerts are listed below. Fishers are asked to look out for these pests and to report evidence of them to FishWatch

Marine pest alerts

Asian green mussel

Asian paddle crab

Black-striped mussel

European green crab

Japanese kelp

Northern pacific seastar

Redclaw crayfish

Spangled perch

Disease alerts

White spot disease in prawns

Biosecurity fact sheets

Indistinct river shrimp

Asian green mussel

 

Last modified: 23/06/2021 1:51 PM

wa.gov.au

© All contents copyright Government of Western Australia. All rights reserved. ABN: 18 951 343 745

Copyright

© This work is copyright. You may display, print or reproduce this material only in an unaltered format for your personal or non-commercial use, or for use within your organisation. Apart from any use permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved.

Disclaimer

The information and advice provided by the Department of Fisheries website is made in good faith and is from sources believed to be reliable and accurate at the time of release onto the website. Changes in circumstances after a document is placed on the website may affect the accuracy of the information. Full disclaimer details are available at www.fish.wa.gov.au.